“Friggatriskaidekaphobia” fear of Friday the 13th, the presumed unluckiest date of the month that a lot of people believed to bring bad luck. Are you one of those who fear of this date?
12 is a number of completeness whereas the number 13 indicates irregular
- Judas is the 13th disciple in the Last Supper who betrayed Jesus
- Loki, the god of mischief, gate crashed the banquet of 12 gods at Valhalla that made it into 13 number of guests. He killed Balder the Good and ruined the party.
- Thirteen is the number of circles used in Kaballah’s Metatron’s Cube. Although this glyph was typically used as a protective ward against demons and evil, its use in alchemy and magic may have led to a darker association with the form, much as a pentagram or pentacle has.
- In Meso-American divination, a trecena is a 13-day period used in pre-Columbian Meso-American calendars to mark the occurrence of important cycles of fortune/misfortune.
- The ancient Persians, assigning the twelve constellations of the Zodiac to the months of the year, believed that each sign ruled over Earth for a millennium. After the passing of this thirteenth era, chaos would ensue. The Persian tradition of Sizdah Bedar refers to this belief, in which people leave their houses to avoid bad luck on the thirteenth day of the Persian Calendar.
- The foiled Gunpowder Plot that threatened 17th Century England’s government consisted of thirteen original conspirators.
- Apollo 13 was the only unsuccessful mission by the United States of America’s NASA program to land a mission on the moon, although fortunately all of the craft’s crew returned to Earth safely.
- Traditionally thirteen is reported as the number of steps leading up to a gallows.
- In numerology, twelve is considered the number of completeness and thus thirteen was seen as disturbing that balance,
- Witches were claimed to gather in groups (a coven) of twelve and during such ceremonies, the devil would appear as the thirteenth attendee.
So many events believed that happened on Friday
- Black Friday has been associated with stock market crashes and other disasters since the 1800s
- It was on a Friday, supposedly, that Eve tempted Adam with the forbidden fruit.
- The Great Flood began on a Friday
- God tongue-tied the builders of the Tower of Babel on a Friday
- The Temple of Solomon was destroyed on a Friday
- Friday was the day of the week on which Christ was crucified
- In pagan Rome, Friday was execution day (later Hangman’s Day in Britain)
Bad Friday Plus Unlucky Number 13 = Friday the 13th– Double the Bad Luck
- The name “Friday” was derived from a Norse deity worshipped on the sixth day, known either as Frigg (goddess of marriage and fertility), or Freya (goddess of sex and fertility). According to some legends Frigg or Freya herself, came down from her sanctuary in the mountaintops and appeared before the gathered group of witches, who numbered only 12 at the time, and gave them one of her cats, after which the witches’ coven — and, by “tradition,” every properly-formed coven since — comprised exactly 13.
- On Friday, 13 October 1307, Philip IV of France ordered the arrest of the (Christian) Knights Templar and seizure of all of their assets based on accusations of various forms of heresy. Some were later tortured and then burned at the stake. This is commonly believed to serve as the origin for the observance of Friday the 13th as an unlucky day, however, no record of the date’s importance as a superstitious holiday is believed to exist before the 19th century.
- Friday the 13th is also theorized to originate from the claim that Jesus Christ was crucified on a Friday.